Foremost on my mind during one of these really bad flares is the question….how bad will it get? Is this exacerbation going to escalate to the point where I need hospital care? If I don’t go in, will this be the one that kills me? After all, 5,000 people in this country still die every year from asthma. Many of them before they get to a hospital.
Like most severe asthmatics, I tend to downplay or ignore the severity of my symptoms for as long as possible, because I know the unpleasantries in store for me if I end up in the slammer, ie blood gas sticks, IV insertions, bipap masks, etc. But in doing so, am I playing asthma Russian roulette? Should I go in at the first sign of trouble, or should I try to tough it out and hope it gets better on it’s own?
Assuming that the flare isn’t too severe or sudden, I’ll usually try to use objective criteria, such as my peak flows, FEV1s and sats, as well subjective observations, such as my dyspnea level, to try and assess whether I need a higher level of treatment and monitoring. I say monitoring, because that’s essentially what happens when you go to hospital to be treated for asthma. Most of the drugs they give you in the hospital are the same exact ones you take at home, only in much higher concentrations. Of course they also have oxygen and assistive breathing devices available if needed.
Obviously the main benefit and probably the most important reason of being in hospital or emergency room during a severe flare, is that you have Doctors, Nurses and RTs in close proximity if things get out of control, which they can easily do with asthma. If you’re sick enough where you actually need to be admitted to the hospital and are at risk for death and/or need to be intubated (having a breathing tube inserted in your airway), they’ll most likely put you in the intensive care unit where they can keep a really close eye on you. More times than not though, if you’re stable but not improving fast enough, they’ll usually put you in a regular hospital room and check on you every few hours. Another benefit of being in the hospital is that they can perform diagnostic tests, give you IV medications, etc. But the hospital’s basic function for asthmatics is to monitor you until you’re over the hump and considered clinically stable, which is btw is totally different than feeling better. Your asthma flare is going to break when its darn good and ready, and nothing the Doctors, Nurses or “Hospital” can do, is really going to speed that process up. Most of the time your asthma exacerbation won’t burn itself out completely until you’ve already been discharged from the hospital.
Other than the recommendations in your asthma action plan, there are really no hard fast rules or guidelines to tell you if and when you should go to the ER for your asthma. You just need to apply some common sense and go with your gut feeling. If your exacerbation is not getting better despite doing everything you’re supposed to, and/or your exacerbation has been brewing for more than a few days , or you have a history of severe asthma and have been intubated in the past, or things just don’t feel right to you, then you should get yourself to the hospital pronto! Oh, and if possible, please don’t drive yourself to the hospital. You put not only your life in danger, but others as well. Get someone to take you, or if you’re alone and scared call an ambulance. Better safe than sorry. As far as children go, they can’t speak for themselves. Learn to recognize the danger signs, which are often different in children than adults. And by all means take them in right away if their symptoms don’t improve.
So, what criteria do YOU use to determine if, or when, you should go to the hospital ? And how high do you set the proverbial ER bar? Do you wait until you’re at the brink of respiratory failure, or do you go in at the first sign of trouble?